Equipo Cronica was comprised of six artists, formed in
1964 by Rafael Solbes and Manuel Valdes, with the participation, in the group's
early years, of Juan A. Toledo. They are considered Spain's foremost exponents
of Pop Art. The group's work combined elements of British and American Pop with
the figurative aesthetic of the 1960s movement Nueva Figuracion, creating works
that criticized Spanish politics and questioned the history of art.
The last years of Francisco Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975) in Spain served
as a backdrop for many of these works. Their art was also often self-referential,
mixing images and associating the vanguard to closed circles like those of authority.
They participated in the Kunst und Politik (Karlsruhe, Wuppertal, Cologne) exhibition
in 1970. In 1971 they made the Police and Culture series. The group dissolved
in 1981 with the death of Rafael Solbes, coinciding with the democratic consolidation
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